Michael the Prince (Daniel 10-12)
Bible Passage:Read the prophecy in Daniel 10 - 12.
Theme:Key historical figures, battles and events in history, and the final victory of Jesus.
Overview:Like previous chapters, this interpretation also parallels the others, and provides even more detail. The main characters are the King of the North, the King of the South, and Michael. The two kings conduct war after war, until finally Michael, who watches over and delivers the righteous, stands up and puts an end to all the fighting. Verses 40-45, of Daniel 11, occur during the "time of the end," the days in which we are currently living. They outline monumental events that culminate in the establishment of a major political situation, in which the world continues until the "time of trouble" when Jesus returns to deliver His people from all earthly powers. The angel speaking to Daniel provides extraordinary detail of specific events that occur during the reign of each power that rules over God's people from Daniel's day until the second coming.
- LITERAL LANGUAGE: The language of Daniel 11:1 to 12:3 is given in non-symbolic and plain language as an explanation of Daniel's vision. Note: It is important to apply Biblically-provided interpretation when symbolic language is employed. For example, the passages describing the 144,000 "Israelites" in Revelation 7 and 14 are part of prophetic visions and many symbols are used throughout. Thus, the Biblically-provided interpretation, that Israel symbolizes God's church and Israelites are individual true believers, is employed. However, here in Daniel 11, symbolic language is not being used and thus Egypt means the area of Egypt during Bible times, the glorious land promised to Abraham's descendants means the promised land centered in Palestine as understood in Bible times, Edom means the area where the Edomites lived during Bible times, etc.
- PARALLELISM: As Daniel 11 progresses through the events of Medo-Persia (Dan. 11:2), Greece (11:3-16), and Rome (11:17-45), a clear parallel is seen with Daniel's previous prophecies (Dan. 2, 7, 8-9). In verses 40-45, the parallels to the KON and KOS during the "time of the end" are the 10 toes (Dan. 2) and 10 horns (Dan. 7), which symbolize divided Rome. This internal method of "repeat and enlarge" in the book of Daniel indicates that the activities and identity of the KON and KOS will be explained within the framework of divided Rome.
- PRECEDENT: The precedents established early on in chapter 11, most notably the clear details associated with the division of Greece as it gave rise to both the KON and KOS, are applied to later verses, so that in like manner the division of Rome gives rise to both the KON and KOS.
- REFERENCE POINT: When the angel refers to south, north, east and west, he is looking at the directions from a location or reference point. That reference point is from within the realm itself, just like in Daniel's previous prophecies. The king further north of the other is the King of the North. The king further south of the other king is the King of the South. They both reside within the territory of the realm.
The reference point, is not from the perspective and location of Israel, but from the location of the applicable realm (Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece or Rome). Prophecies follow the realm that rules over God's organized church on earth. This was Israel, then the apostolic church, and then it moved up to western Europe as manifested in the Waldenses, Hussites and Protestants, and then finally following the remnant to America. All of the churches after Israel are ruled by the 4th realm, Rome, with most during Rome's phase as a divided government of 10 tribes. All of Daniel's prophecies follow the realm, and the rulers identified are from within the realm. As mentioned before, a thorough understanding of the Roman realm in prophecy is critical to understanding Daniel and Revelation.
Daniel's previous prophecies also use the location of the entity being discussed, and not Israel, as the reference point for directions. Just as the ram (Medo-Persia) pushes west (toward Babylon), north (toware Lydia) and south (toware Egypt) in relation to its location in the east (Dan. 8:4), and as the little horn (Rome) waxes great from its location toward the south (Carthage and Northern Africa), east (Greece and Syria) and the pleasant land (Judea/Israel) (Dan. 8:9), so the compass directions described in Daniel 11 are also given in relation to the realm and location of the kings themselves.
Verse-By-Verse Study GuideDaniel 10
- Presentation at the Daniel 11 Symposium (October 2018 in Michigan) (MP4 Video - 125 MB)
- Resource Paper for the Daniel 11 Symposium (October 2018 in Michigan) The King of the North Planted in Jerusalem (PDF 4.2 MB)
- Questions & Answers (Daniel 10-12)
- Michael the Prince - Overview of Daniel 11 (interactive presentation)